Over the years the island has been a Mexican land grant, a military base, home to a quarantine station and an immigration station, and, finally, a state park. The Army first set up camp on Angel Island during the Civil War, and remained on the island for almost years. The island, the largest in San Francisco Bay, has been part of the defenses of the bay on three separate occasions.
Original lighthouse Alcatraz Lighthouse,U. Coast Guard Archive Even though the Native Indians of the San Francisco area are stated to be the original settlers on the island they collected eggs from the large flock of birds that regularly gathered thereAlcatraz got its name in only when Juan de Ayalaa Spaniard was engaged to survey the harbor and the San Francisco Bay.
Since he observed pelicans in large numbers on the island he named the island as "Isla de los Alcatraces" meaning the "Island of Pelicans".
The island is separated from the main land by more than 1 mile 1. Congress recognized the need and passed suitable acts in the years and to build seven lighthouses on the West Coast to guide navigation. Equipment were shipped on Oriole, reached San Francisco on January 29, The Alcatraz Lighthouse was the first to be completed in Julymaking it the oldest major navigational light on the West Coast.
However, the foundation for building the light house had begun much before the equipment reached San Francisco. The Baltimore firm was informed of this change before the equipment was shipped. Init was transferred to the The native occupation of alcatraz island St. Elias Lighthouse in Alaska and replaced by a revolving fourth-order Fresnel lens, producing a white flash every five seconds.
Since the new structure would interfere with the operation of the lighthouse, a taller The original lighthouse had been damaged during the great San Francisco earthquake of and was eventually torn down. The only remaining building is the tall cement tower equipped with a modern beacon.
The lighthouse has been a museum since and can be visited. The lens arrived in October and Michael Cassin lit it on June 1,thus setting a "milestone" of sorts for this lighthouse, as the first lighthouse on the Pacific Coast. The old lighthouse was damaged in the earthquake which occurred on Wednesday the April 18, A new lighthouse was built to the south east of the old one.
The old lighthouse existed alongside the new structure for a while and used as a storehouse, but was eventually demolished between and Its foundation is made of masonry while the octagonal pyramidal shaped tower is made of concrete. Initially, a third order Fresnel reflector was installed inand was replaced by a fourth order reflector in The foghorn bell was replaced by electronic Klaxon.
Near the base of the tower was family accommodation also built to house three keepers and their families. When the Federal Penitentiary was established on the island more telephones were installed and was made accessible to others also. The prison guards facilitated the keepers to blow the fog horns as they were in advantageous position stationed on the elevated watch towers; the guards who were in position to see "a bank of fog started to roll through the Golden Gate", would inform notify the keepers so that the fog horns could be activated.
The island itself is interspersed with several buildings and military towers. The highest point of the island is where the light house is located. Northwestern and southeastern tips of the island have small buildings which housed the fog signals the electric horns were installed in small buildings known as "mid twentieth century foghorn shacks".
The white light is shown by a grey tower flashes white that lasts for 0. Fog signals are electric sirens, one on the southeast end sounding two blasts of 4 seconds duration, every 30 seconds while the one on the northwest end gives a single blast every 20 seconds of 5 seconds duration.
Decorative buttons and insignia patches adorned their uniforms. The keepers worked on an eight-hour shift with the beacon lighted all through the year; during day time the lens was covered and protected from sun rays.Timor: Timor, island of the Malay Archipelago, easternmost of the Lesser Sunda Islands between the Savu and Timor seas.
Western Timor, with an area of 6, square miles (15, square km), is administered as part of Nusa Tenggara Timur provinsi (“province”), Indonesia.
The eastern half of the island. The Alcatraz Indian Occupation by Dr. Troy Johnson, Cal State Long Beach European discovery and exploration of the San Francisco Bay Area and its islands began in and culminated with the mapping of the bay in North American Indian Timeline () From their nakedness, Columbus inferred the native people to be an inferior race.
Columbus wrote of the Indians he encountered, "They all go around as naked as their mothers bore them; and also the women.". By the end of , donations — including cash, clothes, and food — had arrived to bolster the occupation of Alcatraz, and celebrities visited the island in support, including Jane Fonda, Merv Griffin, and Anthony Quinn.
Fort McDowell by Justin M. Ruhge History As presented in an earlier section, Angel Island was the location of the Civil War Camp Reynolds, later called the West Garrison, and the three first batteries built on the island, Points Stuart, Knox and Blunt.
The island's most famous prisoner was probably Robert Stroud, the so-called "Birdman of Alcatraz" who spent 54 years of his life behind bars.