China announces Cultural Revolution China has announced plans for a "new leap forward" after the first meeting in four years of the Communist Party's Central Committee. The blueprint unveiled by the committee shows Peking's determination to spread the words of leader Mao Zedong and purge all those "who have followed the path of capitalism". According to news broadcast on Radio Peking, the committee wholeheartedly endorsed Chairman Mao's purge and "rectification" programme described as the "great proletarian cultural revolution". The radio report said the committee had strongly reaffirmed the nation's "hard line" at home and abroad.
Programs carried out by his colleagues to bring China out of the economic depression caused by the Great Leap Forward made Mao doubt their revolutionary commitment and also resent his own diminished role. He especially feared urban social stratification in a society as traditionally elitist as China.
Mao thus ultimately adopted four goals for the Cultural Revolution: They were organized into groups called the Red Guardsand Mao ordered the party and the army not to suppress the movement. Mao also put together a coalition of associates to help him carry out the Cultural Revolution.
His wife, Jiang Qingbrought in a group of radical intellectuals to rule the cultural realm. Defense Minister Lin Biao made certain that the military remained Maoist. Premier Zhou Enlai played an essential role in keeping the country running, even during periods of extraordinary chaos.
Mao believed that this measure would be beneficial both for the young people and for the party cadres that they attacked. The Red Guards splintered into zealous rival factions, each purporting to be the true representative of Maoist thought.
The resulting anarchyterror, and paralysis completely disrupted the urban economy. Industrial production for dipped 12 percent below that of In January the movement began to produce the actual overthrow of provincial party committees and the first attempts to construct new political bodies to replace them.
In February many remaining top party leaders called for a halt to the Cultural Revolution, but Mao and his more radical partisans prevailed, and the movement escalated yet again.
Indeed, by the summer ofdisorder was widespread; large armed clashes between factions of Red Guards were occurring throughout urban China. Instead of producing unified support for the radical youths, this political-military action resulted in more divisions within the military.
The tensions inherent in the situation surfaced vividly when Chen Zaidao, a military commander in the city of Wuhan during the summer ofarrested two key radical party leaders. Inafter the country had been subject to several cycles of radicalism alternating with relative moderation, Mao decided to rebuild the Communist Party to gain greater control.
The military dispatched officers and soldiers to take over schools, factories, and government agencies. The army simultaneously forced millions of urban Red Guards to move to the rural hinterland to live, thus scattering their forces and bringing some order to the cities.
Two months later, the Twelfth Plenum of the Eighth Central Committee met to call for the convening of a party congress and the rebuilding of the party apparatus.
From that point, the issue of who would inherit political power as the Cultural Revolution wound down became the central question of Chinese politics. Lin took advantage of Sino-Soviet border clashes in the spring of to declare martial law and further used his position to rid himself of some potential rivals to the succession.
Several leaders who had been purged during —68 died under the martial law regimen ofand many others suffered severely during this period. Lin quickly encountered opposition.
Mao himself was wary of a successor who seemed to want to assume power too quickly, and he began to maneuver against Lin. Thus, despite many measures taken in —71 to return order and normalcy to Chinese society, increasingly severe strains were splitting the top ranks of leadership.
These strains first surfaced at a party plenum in the summer of Shortly thereafter Mao began a campaign to criticize Chen Boda as a warning to Lin.
Chen disappeared from public view in August Matters came to a head in September when Lin himself was killed in what the Chinese asserted was an attempt to flee to the Soviet Union after an abortive assassination plot against Mao. They had in this quest attacked and tortured respected teachers, abused elderly citizens, humiliated old revolutionaries, and, in many cases, battled former friends in bloody confrontations.
He encouraged a revival of the educational system and brought back into office a number of people who had been cast out. China began again to increase its trade and other links with the outside world, and the economy continued the forward momentum that had begun to build in Mao personally approved these general moves but remained wary lest they call into question the basic value of having launched the Cultural Revolution in the first place.
Duringhowever, Mao suffered a serious stroke, and Zhou learned that he had a fatal malignancy.Cultural Revolution, in full Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, Chinese (Pinyin) Wuchanjieji Wenhua Dageming or (Wade-Giles romanization) Wu-ch’an Chieh-chi Wen-hua Ta Ke-ming, upheaval launched by Chinese Communist Party Chairman Mao Zedong during his last decade in power (–76) to renew the spirit of the Chinese Revolution.
Start studying Mao Zedong: The Great Leap Forward & Cultural Revolution. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Mao ze dongs start of the great cultural revolution in October 6, by Leave a Comment And An analysis of science fiction as the literature of change disputes are less relevant at mao ze dongs start of the great cultural revolution in the start of the 21st A brief profile of Chinese Revolution figure Mao Zedong.
China announces Cultural Revolution China has announced plans for a "new leap forward" after the first meeting in four years of the Communist Party's Central Committee. The blueprint unveiled by the committee shows Peking's determination to spread the words of leader Mao Zedong and purge all those "who have followed the path of capitalism".
The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution in China, After the catastrophic failures of the Great Leap Forward Mao Zedong withdrew from active rule and left Liu Shaoqi, Zhou Enlai and Deng Xiaoping to guide the economy to recovery.
All had been loyal Maoists but they no longer believed in the brand of radical fervor that Mao advocated.
Nov 09, · Watch video · Mao launched the so-called Cultural Revolution (known in full as the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution) in August , at a .