He has published Old Wounds: In he published Trauma and Rebirth: Intergenerational Effects of the Holocaust with John J. SigalPraeger,
Overview[ edit ] An ethnocultural profile of Canada prepared by Statistics Canada describes a nation that, at the outset of the 21st Century, has become progressively more and more multi-ethnic and multicultural. The introduction to the report describes this in the following way: Half a century ago, most immigrants came from Europe.
Now most newcomers are from Asia. As a result, the number of visible minorities in Canada is growing. And, Canadians listed more than ethnic groups in answering the Census question on ethnic ancestry, reflecting a varied, rich cultural mosaic as the nation started the new millennium.
Origin and use of the term[ edit ] Victoria Hayward described the cultural changes of the Canadian Prairies as a "mosaic" as early as the s: New Canadians, representing many lands and widely separated sections of Old Europe, have contributed to the Prairie Provinces a variety in the way of Church Architecture.
Cupolas and domes distinctly Eastern, almost Turkish, startle one above the tops of Manitoba maples or the bush of the river banks. These architectural figures of the landscape, apart altogether of their religious significance, are centers where, crossing the threshold on Sundays, one has the opportunity of hearing Swedish music, or the rich, deep chanting of the Russian responses; and of viewing at close hand the artistry that goes to make up the interior appointments of these churches transplanted from the East to the West…It is indeed a mosaic of vast dimensions and great breadth, essayed of the Prairie.
Gibbon clearly disapproved of the American melting-pot concept. He saw the melting pot as a process by which immigrants and their descendants were encouraged to cut off ties with their countries and cultures of origin so as to assimilate into the American way of life.
Porter's book showed that some groups e. For example, groups of eastern and southern European origin tended to fare less well by these measures. The worst off were the First Nations and Inuit. Porter saw this vertical arrangement as being related to power and influence in decision-making.
Thus those of British origin tended to be overrepresented among the elites in governmenteconomic and political spheres.
For example, the economic disparity between ethnic groups has narrowed somewhat and Francophones are better represented in politics and government. However, the socio-economic elites in Canada remain dominated by people of British origin. Until the s immigrants were expected to assimilate into the mainstream society.
Arriving as it did at during a time of social upheaval, Porter's work had a marked influence on Canadian social policy. The view of Canada as a mosaic of cultures became the basis for the Trudeau government's multiculturalism policies in the early s.
The Canadian government established the Official Multiculturalism Act in and appointed a minister responsible for multiculturalism in Criticism[ edit ] The "cultural mosaic" theory is not without critics.9 Ethnic Politics and the State Aoun S Muslim Communities The Pitfalls of from SOCI at McGill University (Eds.), Ethnicity, Politics, and Public Policy: Case Studies in Canadian Diversity (pp.
). Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Politics, and Public Policy: Case Studies in Canadian Diversity (pp. ). Toronto. Siim, B. () ‘Citizenship, Diversity and Gender Equality - National Belongings and Intersections of Gender, Ethnicity and Religion’, paper presented to ECPR Joint Session, Lisbon Governing Religious Differences at the Intersection of Gender and Ethnicity.
April The term multiculturalism has a range of meanings within the contexts of sociology, of political philosophy, and of colloquial alphabetnyc.com sociology and in everyday usage, it is a synonym for "ethnic pluralism", with the two terms often used interchangeably, for example, a cultural pluralism in which various ethnic groups collaborate and enter into a dialogue with one another without having to.
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Harold Troper and Morton Weinfeld, eds.,Ethnicity, Politics, and Public Policy: Case Studies in Canadian Diversity Gertrud Neuwirth Howard Kimeldorf, Battling for American Labor: Wobblies, Craft Workers, and the Making of the Union Movement.
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