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Besides the patterns, the way the social phenomena express themselves in space may become a cause of concern as well. This has attracted scholarly attention, particularly since when all-embracing changes in the political and economic order of the world started casting their shadows on the global society.
As compared to the other branches of geography social geography has a certain amount of recency. Eyles also visualized social geography as a continuation of the philosophy of Vidal de la Blache and Bobek: The process of urbanization had thrown up issues of social concern such as access to civic amenities and housing and the related socio-pathological issues, such as incidence of crime, juvenile delinquency and other expressions of mental ill-health.
The underlying idea was to examine the social content of the urban space which resulted from coming together of diverse ethnic groups within a city. The city with its specific functional specialization cast these social groups in its mould, resulting in the assimilation of diverse elements into a universal Europeanized urban ethos.
However, certain ethno-cultural identities e. The taxonomy of a discipline, while arising out of its logical system, subsumes within itself the specificities of its intellectual tradition, whereby words and terms acquire specific connotations and nuances of meaning through large-scale usage and social acceptance.
But this process of crystallization of the classificatory scheme is greatly distorted if the same term tends to acquire different connotations or different shades of meaning tend to be expressed through the same term. Such is unfortunately the case with that segment of geographical studies which is termed as Human or Anthropo or Social or Cultural Geography.
La Mer as a synonym for Human Geography and has since then remained ill-defined—its boundaries fluctuating at an alarming rate. A look at some of the standard definitions of these terms would clearly bring out the prevailing lack of clarity on these questions. It is quite clear that definitions like the above are of no help in demarcating the areas covered by these sub-disciplines of Geography.
If there is so much of connotative similarity there is a strong case for discarding two of these terms so that geographers can at least understand each other….
|There is a traditional division of labour between men and women in relation to agricultural and other activities. This tends to discriminate against women and girlsin that they have fewer opportunities to engage in income earning activities, do most of the household work are less likely to be involved in decision-making especially outside the family and as the above statistics indicate are likely to be less educated.|
|It is also used by the World Bank with regard to economic and societal development and by management experts as a way of thinking about organizational development.|
Alternatively, two of these areas of academic work may be viewed as sub-sets of the third one. This resulted in their spatial segregation in ghettos with all the socio-pathological implications that follow from it.
Social geographers differentiated between regions on the basis of the dominant patterns as social phenomena, mostly based on the population characteristics. During this phase of development, the major focus of research remained on the analysis of the social data for the cities.
One inevitable consequence was that studies in this area, such as factorial ecology, made social geographic research dependent on the theories of human ecology. It may, however, be pointed out that any study of the social phenomena within the city in the context of factor analysis helped only in the identification of patterns.
It is a noteworthy fact that the western social science was alive to the real issues in society. Thus, social geography in the western world developed much in response to political happenings of contemporary social relevance. A common concern was expressed on issues such as poverty and social inequality within the United States.
Emrys Jones and John Eyles who described social geography as a group approach conceded that the attempts at definition represented the viewpoints of their authors to which others may not agree Box 1.
Definitions With due apologies to those omitted by oversight, the last twenty-five years or so have produced eight definitions of social geography, seven of which are provided by geographers working in the Anglo-American tradition.
Groom Helm, ; The progress of social geography in the decades since has taken three main paths, each cluster of research acquiring the status of a school of thought in its own way. This school of thought related the contemporary social problems to the development of capitalism particularly the internal contradictions of capitalism.
For example, cities and the communities within the city were perceived as organized spatially in response to the class relations and the Marxian interpretation was that a welfare approach might not be helpful.
It is thus obvious that contemporary social geography is in line with the theoretical development in human geography as a whole. This does not mean that the welfare or humanistic concerns or the quest for the causes of social inequality and class-based exploitation or phenomenological perceptions of space have replaced the tradition of areal differentiation or region formation.
All these approaches have continued to co-exist. Some themes have received greater attention at certain stages in the development of Anglo-American school of geography. They may be mentioned here in brief.Thus at Venice the College, even in the absence of the Doge, is called "Most Serene Prince." The Palatine of Posen, father of the King of Poland, Duke of Lorraine.
The univariate analysis and multiple linear regression analysis were used to analyze the influencing factors for the quality of life in urban and rural dimensions. Results: The average score of patients with type 2 diabetes was ± and the quality of life in patients in rural areas was lower as compared with patients in urban areas (P.
BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard. An Analysis of the Social Relations between the Urban and Rural Areas. rural-urban continuum places have a wide variety of characteristics that range between rural or urban a place is, population, density, social, economy, political, and culturally planetary urbanism.
Aug 06, · The definition of urban and rural areas in Lebanon was defined in decree number of June 12, , and updated in May , making a distinction between cities and villages.
Sampling was performed randomly at five different levels: (1) the county, (2) the city (in urban areas) or the village (in rural areas), (3) the district, (4) the.