Socrates aka, Josef K. As I read The Euthyphro, I started to realize why it is considered one of the most dramatic of the Dialogues.
I, like Simmias it seems, need an illustration [eikon, image, allegory]. For some of them, I believe, destroy their eyesight unless they look at its image in water, or some such medium. I did actually consider something like this and was afraid I would be altogether blinded in my soul by looking at these matters with my eyes and each of my senses in my attempt to seize hold of them.
Death, ideas, and the immortality of legacy through fable and allegory is the focus here, as I see it. It seemed natural to begin with the dialogues which focus on the death and trial of Socrates. It was suggested by the editors that this a picture of Socrates was intentionally designed by Plato to do battle with his popular reputation as a rebellious upstart who taught contempt for the laws, as well as appeal to patriotic readers of a similar persuasion to Crito.
Still, I remain unmoved by the dialogue—so less said about that the better. Honestly the dialogues sometimes can have a real sense of humor. I hope this is not lost on some readers. Euthyphro, of course, considers himself an expert on such matters, yet cannot supply a sold answer.
This is a man who is attempting to put his father to death for dubious reasons… making the case that since Zeus did as much, he too should be permitted to do so! Socrates last words in the dialogue as Euthyphro leaves the dialogue without resolution are absolutely precious: The structure of the dialogue is much more mature.
It begins with a telling passage, seemingly filler, about pleasure and pain after being released from his fetters and his late composition of poetry and fable ala Aesop despite never having composed a bit of poetry in his life.
I think what Plato is trying to do here is establish a mythology around what Socrates felt was important to leading a good life which would displace the mis-education found in the myths espoused by the poets such as Homer and the like. Similarly, those who crudely abide by empiric, natural philosophy such as that found in Anaxagoras can only see death as the end of everything.
Thus, Socrates delivers a fable of the afterlife which shows a way toward the only shot mortals have at immortality—the ability to participate in Ideas which are eternal.
Socrates goes at length to illustrate how particulars all participate in more general essences, thus rendering them intelligible for generations. At the very end of the dialogue, before drinking the hemlock, Socrates states that: The Apology is about Socrates' trial in Athens, where he is eventually condemned of blasphemy and corrupting the youth.
This is Plato's version of events, of the city's charges against Socrates and Socrates' defense. The Crito occurs the next day in Socrates' cell, where his friends, knowing he has been condemned to death, try to persuade him to escape. Socrates argues successfully for the morality of the law and declares that he wil I read the Apology and the Crito but didn't get to the Phaedo.
Socrates argues successfully for the morality of the law and declares that he will uphold the will of the people by drinking the hemlock and dying. The reading was hard but interesting. Socrates believes he was ordained by the Oracle at Delphi as the smartest man in the world, and he sets about proving it by arguing successfully with everyone he meets who claims intelligence.
Something tells me Socrates wouldn't have been much fun to have at a party. He initiated discussions with people later known as the Socratic method where he asked question after question, eventually getting them to contradict themselves.
Socrates himself, however, claimed to know nothing and to be a humble man. Socrates was a leader of youth in a time when Athens was recovering from losing a generations-long war with Sparta. The older Athenians were warlike, looking to the epic tales of Homer and others for their moral code.
I imagine they were horrified when their children started looking to Socrates and his "examined life" philosophy. There are plenty of parallels to be drawn between generations today. Socrates also advocates a kind of civil disobedience, putting the moral life of the individual above the laws created by society."Euthyphro" is one of Plato's least important works philosophically and probably not meant as a representation of the historical Socrates, but it is still worthwhile.
One should certainly read Plato's more famous works first, but those interested in him will want this, and it is a good place to begin exploring his presentation of alphabetnyc.coms: 5. May 31, · Buy a cheap copy of The Trial and Death of Socrates: Four book by Plato.
The trial and death of Socrates ( BCE) have almost as central a place in Western consciousness as the trial and death of Jesus. In four superb dialogues, Free shipping over $/5(7). Jan 26, · Intro and reading questions for Plato's Euthyphro dialogue Themes to reflect on as you read 1.
Quest for philosophical definition 2. The universe is fundamen. Euthyphro by Plato This etext was prepared by Sue Asscher EUTHYPHRO Plato Translated by Benjamin Jowett INTRODUCTION. In the Meno, Anytus had parted from Socrates with the significant words: 'That in any city, and particularly in the city of Athens, it is easier to.
Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews is an electronic, peer-reviewed journal that publishes timely reviews of scholarly philosophy books. Reason and Persuasion: Three Dialogues by Plato: Euthyphro, Meno, Republic Book I // Reviews // Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // University of Notre Dame.
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