Benjamin Mays, an influential theologian and outspoken advocate for racial equality. After graduating inKing entered Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvaniawhere he earned a Bachelor of Divinity degree, won a prestigious fellowship and was elected president of his predominantly white senior class. King then enrolled in a graduate program at Boston Universitycompleting his coursework in and earning a doctorate in systematic theology two years later.
He achieved his most renown and greatest successes in advancing the cause of civil rights while leading a series of highly publicized campaigns in Alabama between and Inhe won the Nobel Peace Prize for his leadership in the struggle for racial equality.
In contrast, others saw King as a polarizing figure whose actions elicited violent reactions. He was assassinated on April 4, Following a trip to Europe inKing Sr.
King left grade school at 15 and entered Morehouse College, intending to follow his father into the ministry. InKing began course work for a doctorate at Boston University, where he studied various aspects of liberal Protestant theology and wrote a dissertation comparing the ideas of theologians Paul Tillich and Henry Nelson Wieman.
The couple would have four children: Influences on King King drew from a variety of traditions, philosophers, theologians, and moralists in formulating his ideas on race, justice, and civil rights.
Like many black preachers before him, King used his ministerial status to protest injustices, inspire his followers to become faith-based community activists, and tap into monetary sources within the black church.
King rejected some of the religious views of the traditional black church, however.
He embraced the notion that a preacher must minister to the external and physical needs of an individual in addition to internal and spiritual needs.
He found inspiration in the writings of American theologian Reinhold Niebuhr and essayist Henry David Thoreau, who both helped him develop his views that an individual should refuse to cooperate with an evil system and had the right to disobey unfair laws.
In the actions of Indian political and spiritual leader Mahatma Gandhi, he found support for his belief in nonviolent resistance to injustice and the use of love to resist evil.
These influences and others helped King develop a strategy of protest and civil disobedience using love and nonviolent tactics to confront the racist laws and customs of the American South, which he viewed as an evil, unjust system created by immoral men.Feb 16, · From the famous letter in which Dr.
King says, among other things, that power never gives up its power voluntarily. King, “Letter from Birmingham Jail,” in Why We Can’t Wait, Reverend Martin Luther King Writes from Birmingham City Jail—Part I, 88th Cong., 1st sess., Congressional Record (11 . "Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s Letter from Birmingham Jail is a classic document worthy of regular review and reflection " - Study Guide Introduction Letter by Bishop Denis Madden and Bishop Daniel Flores.
Martin Luther King, Jr. - The letter from the Birmingham jail: In Birmingham, Alabama, in the spring of , King’s campaign to end segregation at lunch counters and in hiring practices drew nationwide attention when police turned dogs and fire hoses on the demonstrators.
King was jailed along with large numbers of his supporters, including hundreds of schoolchildren. The Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. began writing the “Letter From a Birmingham Jail” in the margins of newspapers, on scraps of paper, paper towels and slips of yellow legal paper smuggled into. Martin Luther King Jr.
(January 15, – April 4, ) was an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement from until his death in Born in Atlanta, King is best known for advancing civil rights through nonviolence and civil disobedience, tactics his Christian .